Answers where given by IWG representive for MS Netherlands

1. Most relevant PV funding topics

*not relevant: -, interested: +, important: ++, very important: +++


In the Netherlands, innovation policy as of 2020 has shifted from technology oriented towards mission oriented. The innovation policy has always been “technology neutral” preferring the most effective and affordable technology routes in which solar PV has come to play a leading role compared to other renewable energy sources. The central societal mission “energy transition and sustainability” entails a decrease of emissions by 49% in 2030 and 95% in 2050 and a 100% clean electricity system. These missions are detailed in the Netherlands by; energy on land, water, build environment, industry, agricultural and transportation systems. Solar PV can be found in each and every mission program in an integrated way and in more or less quantity.

Therefore the solar PV topics as mentioned above by the IWG do not line up with the Dutch categories and for example the topics 3, 4 and 5 are integrated in the detailed mission programs with a relation to topic 1 and 2 if required. A distinction is also made on which time scale the innovations contribute to the national climate goals, which in practice means a preference for innovations that become already mature by 2025 or 2030 and thus can contribute substantially more to the climate goals.

The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate funds RD&I projects first in the mission oriented programs in which subsequently specific topics for solar PV are articulated. For example in the mission program “on land” (42 TWH in 2030) there are solar specific targets for cost reductions and performance improvement alongside integration of solar panels into the buildings, infrastructure, vehicles, agriculture, landscape and floating systems. Additional and more detailed topics are flexibility of size, shape and color, light weight panels and transparency.

General topics are circularity, system integration and social acceptability which align with the above mentioned topics but are set in a specific context.

In the other mission programs there is also room for solar PV but on a much smaller scale.

In general one could say that because of the population density and intense, multifunctional land use in the Netherlands, the role of the solar PV end product in society does not compare well with many other European member states and resembles also the innovation dynamics in similar geographies in the world. Therefore the priority in the list above is given to topic 3 while the others remain also important.

2. Available programmes for RD&I on PV

Program A:

MOOI (Mission Oriented Research & Innovation) “electricity ” 21 million euro where Solar PV alongside Wind receives a substantial amount of the total budget available but it is also open for other technologies and/or integrated solutions. There are this year the following topics:
• Offshore Wind
• Floating Solar offshore
• Electricity production in land water (lakes, basins and rivers).
• Electricity production integrated with infrastructure and roofs.

Program B:

DEI (Demonstration Energy Innovation) generic call with following topics:
• Neighborhoods and dwellings without natural gas.
• Circular Economy
• CCUS (Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage)
• Energy efficiëncy
• Renewable energy including spatial integration
• Flexible energy systems including hydrogen.
• Local energy infrastructures
• Other CO2-reducing measures

 There exist smaller programs tailored to SME, circular economy and investment programs.

3. Success stories regarding PV funding

Many project can be found either on the website of RVO, TKI Urban Energy or the Solar Eranet websites. A recent success story is the development and introduction of bifacial solar panels. For example BIFACE (ERANET) | | Rijksdienst.

4. Main PV research institutes or PV industries

 An overview dating from 2020 can be found on NL-Solar-Guide-2020.pdf (

5. National production data (MW/a) and employees

Reference year: 2021
No specific numbers available.
The amount of local production of solar panels in the Netherlands is less than 10% of the total amount installed yearly.
Jobs are mainly created in installation and number is well over 20.000 but recent figures are not yet supplied by the CBS. The CBS reported report 16.000 jobs in total in 2018 Investeren in energie levert bijna 100 duizend banen op (

6. Current installation numbers (GW/a) and forecast

 Current installations (GW/a): total of 14,3 GWP installed capacity in 2021

Forecast (GW/a): Each year the amount steadily increases in spite of barriers. For 2022 a minimum of an additional 3,5 GWp is expected although the yearly potential without grid congestion lies closer to 6 GWp yearly.

7. Short description of the overall PV strategy

The general goal of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs & Climate is to achieve the climate goals in a cost effective innovative way while maintaining energy security and an affordable energy price.

Overview in Dutch: Overheid bevordert groei zonne-energie | Duurzame energie |

Specific for solar (PV) energy and RD&I the following topics are of interest given the circumstances in the Netherlands:
• Cost reductions
• Performance improvement
• Circular design, recycling and duration lifetime panels
• Integration of solar energy into the energy system
• Cybersecurity of modules and embedded software
• Environmental aspects solar parks
• Planning & performance measuring tools
• Developing of new markets and integration into

o buildings,
o infrastructure,
o vehicles,
o agriculture,
o landscape,
o floating systems both in and off shore.